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samkhya sutra,-Vishayadhyaya, (S.-1, Ch.-1, V.-1)

अथ त्रिविधदुःखात्यन्तनिवृत्तिः अत्यन्त पुरुषार्थः ।

atha trividhaduḥkhātyantanivṛttiḥ atyanta puruṣārthaḥ ।

The subject proposed



atha = now, auspicious word pronounced for initiation; trividha = threefold; duḥkha = suffering, pain, disease, sadness; atyanta = till the end, completely; nivṛttiḥ = cessation, to get rid of; atyanta = till end, completely; puruṣa = person, doer, subject (karaka); arthaḥ = aim, purpose, desire, interest, meaning, for.

Now [we will discuss] how to absolutely end the three kinds of suffering that are inevitably part of human existence.

____James R. Ballantyne, London 1885_____

Well, the complete cessation of pain [which is] of three kinds is the complete end of man.



Komentář: Atha - This word is to announce that something important is to be said, something that is absolutely respected and true. Duhkha - pain, suffering, disease, sadness, etc. Atyanta - completely, absolutely Nivrttih - to be detached from Purush - the doer, the person, the soul, spirit, the responsible actor or factor in life, causative. In Vedic culture the 3 are: Adyatmik - this means a localized diseased coming from within the spiritual energy, vital energy, caused by the doshas, the gunyas, manovritti, manogunas, manifesting as VPK in the dhatus and physiology. Adibhautika - this means disease or injury the source of which is external to the being (accident, insects, etc.) but is local. Adidevika - natural disaster like earthquake, epidemics, on a grand scale

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